Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is crucial to tell apart interviews as a way of collecting information and interviewing being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two other ways are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness for the occasion,
  • working together with papers, where in fact the document means any product carrier containing texts and images.

Kinds of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are split into:

  • genre (for planning of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to recognize the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them within the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed when you look at the past chapter. In regards to the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview as a genre, as being a real means of text formatting in the shape of questions from the interviewer plus the responses regarding the interlocutor. In the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the wide range of questions regarding the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any at all), at the other pole – a conversation, as soon as the journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally talks much with long arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, indicates concerning the exact same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be conducted with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so that the viewpoint for this journalist has also been interesting to visitors, due to the fact opinion associated with interlocutor. If a typical journalist speaks just as much or even more in a job interview as an interlocutor, that is an indication of insufficient qualification.

Types of interviews according to the topic. Subject meeting

According to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic interview is the state of things in virtually any industry of activity. Often it is a job interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist just as much as he is linked to this situation. For example, a police informs simple tips to protect an apartment from thieves. The physician describes simple tips to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast how long the crisis will undoubtedly be on the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling for the interview that is subject of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s experience of this issue. Then there’s a parsing for the subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The subject meeting stops because of the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to readers.

The hero of this topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. It is information meeting, among the news genres. The task regarding the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the important points and information on exactly what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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